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Writing Social Science: Evaluating Sources

Media Bias


This infographic from gives a sense for the political bent of a wide variety of online news sources.  

Determine Credibility

The CRAAP Test: Evaluating Material from the Web with a Skeptical Eye

The CRAAP Test:

Evaluating Materials from the Web with a Skeptical Eye


Currency -- When was it published?  Updated?

Relevance -- Does the information relate to my topic?  What audience was it written for?

Authority -- Who is the creator? Author? Editor? Does the URL tell you anything? (.edu, .gov, .org, .com, etc.)

Accuracy -- Are there references?  Are there errors? Broken links?

Purpose -- Opinion or fact? Scholarly? Biased? Is it balanced?