Citing Your Sources Using APA Style

All research and writing is based on the work of others. Ideas, information, and quotations that you take from books, articles, online sources, and oral interviews and presentations have to be acknowledged in your paper.

The citation and bibliographic style of the American Psychological Association (APA) is the style of choice when writing in the field of Psychology. Think of it as a set of agreed-upon conventions respected and used by all in the Psychology community to facilitate the exchange of information and ideas--to make references and sources clear, and minimize ambiguity.

Here are some books and online resources that explain and illustrate the APA style:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2011). Washington, D.C.: APA.
      In Pollack & Stern: Ref BF 76.7 P83 2010.

Concise Rules of APA Style (2010). 6th edition. Washington, D.C.: APA.
      Stern Ref BF 76.7 C66 2010

Fox, T. et al. Cite it Right: the SourceAid Guide to Citation, Research, and Avoiding Plagiarism  (2007). 3rd edition. Osterville, MA: SourceAid, LLC.
      In Pollack & Stern: Ref PN 171 F56 F69 2007.

Gelfand, H. & Walker, C.J., & the APA (2002). Mastering APA STYLE: A Student's Workbook and Training Guide. Washington, D.C.: APA.
      Pollack BF 76.8 G452 2002.

Lipson, C. Cite Right: A Quick Guide to Citation Styles--MLA, APA, Chicago, the Sciences, Professions, and More (2011). 2nd edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
      In Pollack & Stern: PN 171 F56 L55 2006 (Stern's copy on Ref.) 
      Also available as an ebook.


Other helpful sites:

FOOTNOTES, BIBLIOGRAPHIES, AND THEN SOME: Tools for Managing Your Citations is a YU Research Guide devoted entirely to the issues and resources surrounding citation--including the matter of plagiarism and the use of citation tools.

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University describes several citation styles, including APA.**


Avoiding Plagiarism

Avoiding Plagiarism
Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s research as your own.  This is not an acceptable practice in college or anywhere else.  Instead you are expected to give credit to the author of a book, article, online, or other source which you used in your research. 

Links to information about avoiding plagiarism
Academic Integrity Policy Yeshiva University.  See page 3 of this document.

Plagiarism: What it is and How to Recognize and Avoid It. (Writing Tutorial Services at Indiana University)
Is It Plagiarism Yet? (Purdue University Writing Lab)

Permission granted to use link to the Writing Tutorial Services at Indiana University and Trustees of Indiana University

Permission granted to use link to OWL at Purdue University Online Writing Lab 


Managing Your Sources Electronically

Citation management tools like Refworks, EasyBib, EndNote, and Zotero make it possible to collect, organize, and store all your sources online as you conduct your research. Such programs also allow you to automatically generate a bibliography in APA format, and they provide a way to cite sources correctly as you compose your text. Click here to find out more about which online citation manager is right for you.